Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on Tv. To respond to the very first collection of research concerns about the prevalence

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on Tv. To respond to the very first collection of research concerns about the prevalence

Information Analyses

To resolve the initial pair of research questions concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we used episode-level information ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions with one of these nominal information. For the second group of research concerns, we utilized just those indicates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( e.g., range periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For those analyses, we used t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to check team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which doesn’t assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to recognize significant differences across teams.

Outcomes

Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information

About one out of six programs in our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) pertaining to nonheterosexuals. dining dining Table 1 displays the portion of indicates that contained any same-sex intimate behavior and any intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by kind of system, and also by period of day aired. For system kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major sites ABC, CBS, and NBC along with Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music entertainment (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to time of broadcast, were classified as prime-time day.

Dining Table 1

Note: Within variety of system and time of day aired, percentages into the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p dining Table 1 ). Generally in most instances, there is a high amount of communication from a genre’s general positions for same-sex behavior that is sexual speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Furthermore, genres’ standings on both these variables had been fairly stable throughout the two tv periods.

Three genres had been regularly reduced in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals either in 12 months), news mags . 3 Genres that tended to own the best proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content were variety/comedy and film that is feature. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as “other” also had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual content that is sexual nevertheless, both these groups contained just only a few programs ), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, we do not highlight the findings associated with them although we include these latter two genres in the tables.

Network-type evaluations

Note: Within style of community and period of day aired, means when you look at the column that is same don’t share xlovecam mobile subscripts vary at p 1 For ease of presentation, we utilize the term “nonheterosexual” to refer collectively to any or all people whose intimate orientation just isn’t solely heterosexual, including gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.

2 one other behavior that is sexual had been used to fully capture all the kinds of intimate tasks that failed to belong to the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate acts such as for instance leering to high-level intimate functions such as for instance masturbation and bondage and control.

4 Because our examples consist of programs from both commercial broadcast and cable companies, we utilized a regular product quantity of 2-minute periods each hour of system time in place of wide range of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of intimate behavior and speak about sex related to nonheterosexuals. This makes up the fact commercials substantially lower the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in an one-hour system, whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.

  7 พฤศจิกายน 2020

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